Department of Health releases guidelines for management of monkeypox | WeForNews
New Delhi: A day after India recorded its first case of monkeypox, the Union Health Ministry on Friday issued guidelines for the management of the disease.
The first laboratory-confirmed case of monkeypox was reported in Kollam district of Kerala after which the Union Health Ministry had dispatched a multidisciplinary team of experts on Thursday.
Surveillance and rapid identification of new cases are key to containing the outbreak, according to the guidelines, adding that during outbreaks of human monkeypox, close contact with infected people is the most important risk factor for infection with monkeypox virus.
He further added that health workers and household members are at greater risk of infection. Healthcare workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed infection with monkeypox virus, or handling specimens from them, should implement infection control and standard precautions .
International passengers should also avoid contact with contaminated materials used by sick people such as clothing, bedding or materials used in healthcare facilities, or that have come into contact with infected animals, according to the guidelines.
In addition, people who develop symptoms suggestive of monkeypox such as fever and rash and who were in an area where monkeypox has been reported or have been in contact with someone who may have monkeypox were invited. consult the nearest health facility immediately.
“The main measures that can be taken to prevent infection with monkeypox virus are to isolate infected patients from others who may be at risk of infection. Avoid contact with materials, such as bedding, who have been in contact with a patient with monkeypox. Practice good hand hygiene after contact with infected individuals,” the guidelines state.
Regarding the mode of transmission, the guidelines state that human-to-human transmission is known to occur primarily through large respiratory droplets generally requiring prolonged close contact. It can also be transmitted through direct contact with bodily fluids or lesion material, and through indirect contact with lesion material, such as through contaminated clothing or linens from an infected person, he added.
The guidelines further add that animal-to-human transmission can occur through bites or scratches from infected animals such as small mammals, including rodents (rats, squirrels) and non-human primates (monkeys, large monkeys) or by preparing bushmeat.